10 issues you’ll want to learn about Area – 2019

February 15, 2019 - Comment

Article written by: Heather Alexander, Schooling officer On the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium we’ve got been taking a look in any respect the issues which are going to occur all year long and attempting to pick out among the occasions that we’re most trying ahead to. For sure this was a tough activity, however we’ve


Article written by: Heather Alexander, Schooling officer

On the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium we’ve got been taking a look in any respect the issues which are going to occur all year long and attempting to pick out among the occasions that we’re most trying ahead to. For sure this was a tough activity, however we’ve got managed to provide you with a high 10 checklist for you!

Earlier than their mission to the moon. The Apollo 11 crew had been in quarantine to verify they didn’t get sick. Throughout this time they signed plenty of photographs and playing cards to behave as life insurance coverage for household. Credit score: NASA.

Pleased 50th Anniversary Apollo 11

As it’s possible you’ll already know, people have landed and walked on the Moon. This 12 months marks the 50th Anniversary of the momentous event. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin made historical past in July 1969, and can ceaselessly be often known as the primary males to stroll on the Moon. Michael Collins, the third man on the mission, additionally made historical past as the primary individual to fly solo across the Moon. This anniversary can be celebrated all over the world, and we right here on the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium can be doing the identical. Now we have quite a few actions organised so preserve an eye fixed out on our web site and Fb web page for extra particulars.

Pleased 50th Anniversary Bovedy Meteorite

That is an occasion that we’re particularly trying ahead to! In Northern Eire in 1969, a meteorite fell. It was the primary meteorite the place the sound of its passage by way of the environment was recorded, and it cut up in two. One piece landed in a area in Bovedy and the opposite half crash landed by way of the roof of a police retailer station in Sprucefield in Lisburn. Now we have half of this meteorite in our assortment and we plan to have some occasions on each the 13th and 25th April to mark this historic occasion. It will embody a particular presentation from artist Noel Connor who remembers seeing the Bovedy as a faculty boy in Belfast. He has created a particular Dome present round reminiscences of that day. Regulate our Fb web page and our web site for extra info.

A Tremendous Blood Moon! Feels like one thing from a horror movie, however it’s simply the moon passing into the Earth’s shadow! Credit score: NASA

Lunar Eclipse January 2019

On 21st January there can be a complete lunar eclipse seen in Northern Eire. That is very thrilling, and can be your final likelihood to see an eclipse like this in Eire for a decade. We’ve already written a number of weblog articles about this, test them out HERE and HERE. A Lunar Eclipse happens when the Moon passes into the Earth’s Shadow, turning it a ghostly pink color! Now we have an occasion deliberate for the morning of the eclipse, with completely different talks and shows and likewise viewing by way of our historic Grubb Telescope!

Hayabusa2 will take pattern from Asteroid Ryugu and begin its return to Earth this 12 months (2019) Credit score: Go Miyazaki

Hayabusa2

We’ve been keeping track of the Japanese Hayabusa2 mission for a while now, and this 12 months it should ultimate take pattern from its chosen asteroid! Hayabusa2 was launched on three December 2014 and rendezvoused with near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu on 27 June 2018. In September and October of 2018 Hayabusa2 efficiently landed 2 rovers on the floor of Ryugu. The date is but to be decided however it’s believed that a while in February of this 12 months a pattern can be taken from Ryugu after which in December Hayabusa2 will make its journey again in the direction of Earth!

Image of CHEOPS taken in September 2018. Credit score: ESA–A. Conigli

CHEOPS

The Characterising Exoplanets Satellite tv for pc, or CHEOPS, is a European Area Company undertaking. As said on the ESA web site, CHEOPS “will observe particular person shiny stars which are identified to host exoplanets, specifically, these within the Earth-to-Neptune measurement vary. By focusing on identified planets, CHEOPS will know precisely when and the place to level to catch the exoplanet because it transits throughout the disk of its host star.” The launch date is anticipated to be between 15th October and 14th November 2019. This can be an thrilling occasion for all these concerned within the creation of CHEOPS and we will’t wait to see the information that this satellite tv for pc will present for the astronomical neighborhood!

Chandrayaan-2 Credit score: GSAT-Four/ISRO

Chandrayaan-2

Chandrayaan-2 will see ISRO (Indian Area Analysis Organisation) make its first try at a mushy touchdown on the Moon! That is scheduled to occur in early 2019, with estimated dates between late January to late February and April. Extra info can be accessible nearer to the time, as soon as all of the related assessments and checks have been carried out. The Chandrayaan-2 will encompass a Lunar Orbiter, Lander and Rover, all developed by India. We will’t wait to listen to and see extra about this mission, and after the success of China’s Chang-e Four firstly of January, we’ve got excessive hopes for Chandrayaan-2.

Spektr-RG observatory. Copyright © 2010 Anatoly Zak

Spektr-RG

Spektr-RG is a Russian and German made excessive vitality astrophysics house observatory, with a deliberate launch for March 2019. It’s going to specialize in X-Ray astronomy and can spend Four years conducting an X-Ray Survey. This survey can be performed by the first instrument, the eROSITA. and it’ll hopefully detect new clusters of galaxies and lively galactic nuclei. The second instrument is the ART-XC and it’s an X-Ray telescope.

Credit score: Loren Roberts

Chang-e 5

After the large success of Change-Four, the Chinese language have been growing Chang-e 5 and additionally it is a Lunar Lander, but additionally a pattern return car. Will probably be China’s first pattern return mission and is about for launch in December 2019. It’s aiming to return at the least 2kg of lunar soil again to the Earth.

Credit score: NASA

The Parker Photo voltaic Probe

Again in August 2018, the Parker Photo voltaic Probe was launched, and its mission is to unlock the mysteries of the Solar’s environment. 2019 will see the probe attain the second and third perihelion. You is likely to be questioning, what’s a perihelion? The perihelion is the purpose within the orbit of a planet, asteroid, comet or satellite tv for pc that’s nearest to the Solar. It’s the reverse of aphelion, which is the purpose farthest from the Solar. The second perihelion can be reached on 4th April, and the third perihelion can be reached on 1st September. The probe additionally will get gravity assists from the planet Venus. The second gravity help from Venus will happen on 26th December 2019.

This picture of Mercury passing in entrance of the solar was captured on Nov. eight, 2006 by the Photo voltaic Optical Telescope, one in all three major devices on the Hinode spacecraft. Picture credit score: Hinode JAXA/NASA/PPARC

Transit of Mercury

A uncommon transit of
Mercury will happen on 11th November 2019. Because of this the planet
Mercury will transfer immediately between the Earth and the Solar, and people with correct
telescopes which have photo voltaic filters utilized will have the ability to observe it. Climate allowing,
we will observe this phenomenon right here in Armagh in Northern Eire!
It is a uncommon prevalence and the subsequent transit of Mercury will not be set to occur
till the 12 months 2039.



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